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四级高频词汇摘录

2014-09-19 14:06   类别:语法   来源:   责编:Dong


频率出现七次的词汇
raise
意 义 vt.举起、提高、提升;筹集、征集;唤起、引起;养育、饲养、种植;提升,增加(工资)

搭 配 raise one’s hand 举手
raise one’s hat to sb. 向某人举帽致敬
raise doubts in people’s minds 引起人们的怀疑
raise a child 养育孩子
raise farm/corps 饲养
raise funds 筹集资金
raise salaries 增加薪水
raise standards of service 提高服务水平


辨析 raise

lift raise
多指由低处垂直举往高处,不一定费力
lift 指用力或机械把重物提高到较高的位置
rise
arise
arouse rise v.上升
arise v.发生
arouse v.激发起
真 题 Though______in San Francisco, Dave Mitchell had always preferred
to record the plain facts of small-town life. 答案
A)raised B)grown C)developed D)cultivated A

频率出现六次的词汇
extend
意 义 vt.延伸;扩展、扩大;提供、给予;
vi.伸展、延伸;(在范围或应用上)达到
构 词 ex(向外)+tend(伸展)
变 形 extension. n.伸出、伸展;延长部分;电话分机
extensive a. 广大的、广阔的;广泛的
intensive a.加强的,深入细致的
搭 配 extensive knowledge 广博的知识
to extend credit/visa 延长信贷限期/签证
extensive reading 泛读
extensive discussion 广泛的讨论

辨析 enlarge

expand enlarge v.扩大,放大
expand v.使膨胀,扩张
extend lengthen prolong extend 指直线状的伸展,引申指扩大势力、范围。
lengthen 指增加长度或延长时间。
prolong 指时间过程延长到超过通常或正常的限度。
真 题 It is quite necessary for a qualified teacher to have good manners and _____ knowledge. 答案
A) extensive B) expansive C) intensive D) expensive A

intensive
意 义 a.加强的,集中的,深入细致的;集约(经营)的,精耕细作的
构 词 ex(向外)+tend(伸展)
变 形 intensity
n.强烈,剧烈;强度
intensively adv.加强地,集中地,深入细致地
搭 配 intensive study 深入细致的研究
intensive reading 精读
intensive agriculture 集约农业
labour intensity 劳动强度
look at sb. with intensity 深情地看着某人
辨 析

intense
意为“非常的;强烈的”,常用于形容某种性质或感情,表示很
高或达到极端的程度。
intensive
含有intense的意思,但更强调“精细的;集中的”。An intense
attack 全线的攻击;an intensive attack 集中某一点攻击。
真 题 The patient’s health failed to such an extent that he was put into____care. 答案
A)tense B)rigid C)intensive D)tight C
The relationship between employers and employees has been studied________ 答案
A)originally B)extremely C)violently D)intensively D
频率出现五次的词汇
available
意 义 a.现成可使用的,在手边的,可利用的;可取得联系的,可得到的
构 词 a(to)+vail(value,价值)+able(后缀)----有利用价值的-----可利用的
搭 配 make sth. available to/for 使…可以享受某物;使….买得起某物
the only available room 唯一可用的房子;
辨 析 available a. 现成可使用的,在手边的,可利用的
handy a. 手边的,就近的,便利的,敏捷的
at hand 在手边,在附近,即将到来
真 题 Convenience foods which are already prepared for cooking are______in grocery stores. 答案
A)ready B)approachable C)probable D) available D
In general,the amount that a student spends for housing should be held to one-fifth of the total ____for living expense. 答案
A)acceptable B)available C)advisable D)applicable B

charge
意 义 n.控告,指控;主管,看管;费用,价钱;负荷,电荷,充电
vt.索价,要......支付;控告,指控;使承担(任务、责任等);使负荷,使充电
搭 配 in charge of 主管,看管
in(under)the charge of 在……的掌管下
charge sb.with 指控某人………
charge(sb.)…(money)for sth. 要价,要(某人)付….(钱)买某物
take charge 开始管理,接管
a positive/negative charge 正/负电荷
be on charge 正充电
at modest charges 以公道的价格
charge for trouble 手续费
charge a battery 给电池充电
辨 析

accuse accuse 指的是严重程度不等的犯罪或冒犯行为,accuse与介词of连用,
charge charge所指的是正式控告或指责具有违法性质的行为,charge与介词with搭配.
真 题 She was complaining that the doctor was ________too much for the treatment he was giving her. 答案
A)expending B)offering C)costing D)charging D
This hotel ____$60 for a single room with bath. 答案
A)charges B)demands C)prices D)claims A


case
意 义 n.事例,实例,事实,情况;病例;案件;箱,盒,套;手提箱
搭 配 a case in point 有关的事例,例证
a case in point 恰当的例子
in any case 无论如何,不管怎样
in case 假使,以防(引导虚拟语气)
sum up the case 概括事实
in case of 假如,如果发生;防备
in no case 无论如何不,决不
in this/that case 如果这样.那样的话
a case of measles 麻疹病例
appeal a case 申述
pack a case 装箱
in the case of 就…..来说,至于
as the case may be 看情况,根据具体情况
辨 析
case 事实,事例,情况,其可笼统地指一个完整的论题,也可表典型的事例,也可用于表医学上的病例或法律上的案例.
instance 为正式用词,指从事实中援引单独事例,隐含其典型性
重难点 语法规则:in case意为“假使;免得,以防(万一)”。In case引导的从句可以用陈述语气,也可用虚拟语气,虚拟形式为should+动词原形
真 题 I was advised to arrange for insurance _____I needed medical treatment. 答案
A)nevertheless B) although C)in case D)so that C
I left for the office earlier than usual this morning _________traffic jam. 答案
A)in line with B)for the sake of C)in case of D)at the risk of C
We left the manager a note________ he wanted to know where we were. 答案
A)if B)in case C)so that D)unless B
The lawyer advised him to drop _________,since he stands little chance to win. 答案
A)event B)incident C)case D)affair C


effect
意 义 n.结果、效果; v.实现、使生效
变 形 effective
有效的,生效的,起作用的;给人印象深刻的;实际的,事实上的
effectively 有效地、起作用地
搭 配 bring/carry/put into effect 实行、实现
take effective measures 采取有效措施
effective range 有效射程;
effective ways of reducing pollution 降低污染的有效方法;
take effect 生效、起作用
to the effect that 大意是
effective 有效的、起作用的
in effect 实际上、实质上
come/go into effect 生效
to no effect 无效;毫无结果

辨析 effect
consequence effect 指明显的原因所产生的后果。
consequence 可指没有明确原因的后果或效果。
effective valid
effective 表示能产生实际的效果。
valid 指仍为权威部门认可,可以继续使用,是法律用语。
真 题 They took _______ measures to prevent poisonous gases from escaping. 答案
A) fruitful B) beneficial C) valid D) effective D
Though the long-term___ can not be predicted, the project has been approved by the committee. 答案
A)affect B)effect C)result D)consequence B
The new appointment of our president ______from the very beginning of next semester. 答案
A)takes effect B)takes part C)takes place D)takes turn A

transmit
意 义 vt.播送、发射;传送、传染
构 词 trans(从…到….)+mit(发送)
变 形 transmission 播送、发射 ;传送、传染
搭 配 transmit knowledge from one generation to another 把知识由一代传给另一代
transmission of news 消息的传播;
transmit news by radio 由无线电发送消息
真 题 American football and baseball are becoming known to the British public through televised _________ from the United States. 答案
A)transfer B) deliveries C) transportation D) transmissions D
Some diseases are ___ by certain water animals. 答案
A) transplanted B) transformed C) transported D)transmitted D
Communication is the process of_______a message from a source to an audience via a channel. 答案
A)transmitting B)submitting C)transforming D)switching A
Cultural________indicates that human beings hand theirs languages down from one generation to another. 答案
A)translation B )transition C)transmission D)transaction C

relate
意 义 vi.有关联;适应,和睦相处;vt.使互相关联;讲述,叙述
变 形 relative 相关的,有关的;相对的,比较的;亲属
all human values are relative,so beauty is relative to the beholder's eyes.
relatively 相关地,有关地;相对地,比较地
relation 亲属
搭 配 relate to/with 有关联
relative to 有关,涉及
in/with relation to 有关,涉及
close/near relation 近亲
distant relation 远亲
真 题 It is difficult to______cause and effect in this case. 答案
A)unite B)think C)relate D)describe C



频率出现七次的词汇
raise
意 义 vt.举起、提高、提升;筹集、征集;唤起、引起;养育、饲养、种植;提升,增加(工资)

搭 配 raise one’s hand 举手
raise one’s hat to sb. 向某人举帽致敬
raise doubts in people’s minds 引起人们的怀疑
raise a child 养育孩子
raise farm/corps 饲养
raise funds 筹集资金
raise salaries 增加薪水
raise standards of service 提高服务水平


辨析 raise

lift raise
多指由低处垂直举往高处,不一定费力
lift 指用力或机械把重物提高到较高的位置
rise
arise
arouse rise v.上升
arise v.发生
arouse v.激发起
真 题 Though______in San Francisco, Dave Mitchell had always preferred
to record the plain facts of small-town life. 答案
A)raised B)grown C)developed D)cultivated A

频率出现六次的词汇
extend
意 义 vt.延伸;扩展、扩大;提供、给予;
vi.伸展、延伸;(在范围或应用上)达到
构 词 ex(向外)+tend(伸展)
变 形 extension. n.伸出、伸展;延长部分;电话分机
extensive a. 广大的、广阔的;广泛的
intensive a.加强的,深入细致的
搭 配 extensive knowledge 广博的知识
to extend credit/visa 延长信贷限期/签证
extensive reading 泛读
extensive discussion 广泛的讨论

辨析 enlarge

expand enlarge v.扩大,放大
expand v.使膨胀,扩张
extend lengthen prolong extend 指直线状的伸展,引申指扩大势力、范围。
lengthen 指增加长度或延长时间。
prolong 指时间过程延长到超过通常或正常的限度。
真 题 It is quite necessary for a qualified teacher to have good manners and _____ knowledge. 答案
A) extensive B) expansive C) intensive D) expensive A

intensive
意 义 a.加强的,集中的,深入细致的;集约(经营)的,精耕细作的
构 词 ex(向外)+tend(伸展)
变 形 intensity
n.强烈,剧烈;强度
intensively adv.加强地,集中地,深入细致地
搭 配 intensive study 深入细致的研究
intensive reading 精读
intensive agriculture 集约农业
labour intensity 劳动强度
look at sb. with intensity 深情地看着某人
辨 析

intense
意为“非常的;强烈的”,常用于形容某种性质或感情,表示很
高或达到极端的程度。
intensive
含有intense的意思,但更强调“精细的;集中的”。An intense
attack 全线的攻击;an intensive attack 集中某一点攻击。
真 题 The patient’s health failed to such an extent that he was put into____care. 答案
A)tense B)rigid C)intensive D)tight C
The relationship between employers and employees has been studied________ 答案
A)originally B)extremely C)violently D)intensively D
频率出现五次的词汇
available
意 义 a.现成可使用的,在手边的,可利用的;可取得联系的,可得到的
构 词 a(to)+vail(value,价值)+able(后缀)----有利用价值的-----可利用的
搭 配 make sth. available to/for 使…可以享受某物;使….买得起某物
the only available room 唯一可用的房子;
辨 析 available a. 现成可使用的,在手边的,可利用的
handy a. 手边的,就近的,便利的,敏捷的
at hand 在手边,在附近,即将到来
真 题 Convenience foods which are already prepared for cooking are______in grocery stores. 答案
A)ready B)approachable C)probable D) available D
In general,the amount that a student spends for housing should be held to one-fifth of the total ____for living expense. 答案
A)acceptable B)available C)advisable D)applicable B

charge
意 义 n.控告,指控;主管,看管;费用,价钱;负荷,电荷,充电
vt.索价,要......支付;控告,指控;使承担(任务、责任等);使负荷,使充电
搭 配 in charge of 主管,看管
in(under)the charge of 在……的掌管下
charge sb.with 指控某人………
charge(sb.)…(money)for sth. 要价,要(某人)付….(钱)买某物
take charge 开始管理,接管
a positive/negative charge 正/负电荷
be on charge 正充电
at modest charges 以公道的价格
charge for trouble 手续费
charge a battery 给电池充电
辨 析

accuse accuse 指的是严重程度不等的犯罪或冒犯行为,accuse与介词of连用,
charge charge所指的是正式控告或指责具有违法性质的行为,charge与介词with搭配.
真 题 She was complaining that the doctor was ________too much for the treatment he was giving her. 答案
A)expending B)offering C)costing D)charging D
This hotel ____$60 for a single room with bath. 答案
A)charges B)demands C)prices D)claims A


case
意 义 n.事例,实例,事实,情况;病例;案件;箱,盒,套;手提箱
搭 配 a case in point 有关的事例,例证
a case in point 恰当的例子
in any case 无论如何,不管怎样
in case 假使,以防(引导虚拟语气)
sum up the case 概括事实
in case of 假如,如果发生;防备
in no case 无论如何不,决不
in this/that case 如果这样.那样的话
a case of measles 麻疹病例
appeal a case 申述
pack a case 装箱
in the case of 就…..来说,至于
as the case may be 看情况,根据具体情况
辨 析
case 事实,事例,情况,其可笼统地指一个完整的论题,也可表典型的事例,也可用于表医学上的病例或法律上的案例.
instance 为正式用词,指从事实中援引单独事例,隐含其典型性
重难点 语法规则:in case意为“假使;免得,以防(万一)”。In case引导的从句可以用陈述语气,也可用虚拟语气,虚拟形式为should+动词原形
真 题 I was advised to arrange for insurance _____I needed medical treatment. 答案
A)nevertheless B) although C)in case D)so that C
I left for the office earlier than usual this morning _________traffic jam. 答案
A)in line with B)for the sake of C)in case of D)at the risk of C
We left the manager a note________ he wanted to know where we were. 答案
A)if B)in case C)so that D)unless B
The lawyer advised him to drop _________,since he stands little chance to win. 答案
A)event B)incident C)case D)affair C


effect
意 义 n.结果、效果; v.实现、使生效
变 形 effective
有效的,生效的,起作用的;给人印象深刻的;实际的,事实上的
effectively 有效地、起作用地
搭 配 bring/carry/put into effect 实行、实现
take effective measures 采取有效措施
effective range 有效射程;
effective ways of reducing pollution 降低污染的有效方法;
take effect 生效、起作用
to the effect that 大意是
effective 有效的、起作用的
in effect 实际上、实质上
come/go into effect 生效
to no effect 无效;毫无结果

辨析 effect
consequence effect 指明显的原因所产生的后果。
consequence 可指没有明确原因的后果或效果。
effective valid
effective 表示能产生实际的效果。
valid 指仍为权威部门认可,可以继续使用,是法律用语。
真 题 They took _______ measures to prevent poisonous gases from escaping. 答案
A) fruitful B) beneficial C) valid D) effective D
Though the long-term___ can not be predicted, the project has been approved by the committee. 答案
A)affect B)effect C)result D)consequence B
The new appointment of our president ______from the very beginning of next semester. 答案
A)takes effect B)takes part C)takes place D)takes turn A

transmit
意 义 vt.播送、发射;传送、传染
构 词 trans(从…到….)+mit(发送)
变 形 transmission 播送、发射 ;传送、传染
搭 配 transmit knowledge from one generation to another 把知识由一代传给另一代
transmission of news 消息的传播;
transmit news by radio 由无线电发送消息
真 题 American football and baseball are becoming known to the British public through televised _________ from the United States. 答案
A)transfer B) deliveries C) transportation D) transmissions D
Some diseases are ___ by certain water animals. 答案
A) transplanted B) transformed C) transported D)transmitted D
Communication is the process of_______a message from a source to an audience via a channel. 答案
A)transmitting B)submitting C)transforming D)switching A
Cultural________indicates that human beings hand theirs languages down from one generation to another. 答案
A)translation B )transition C)transmission D)transaction C

relate
意 义 vi.有关联;适应,和睦相处;vt.使互相关联;讲述,叙述
变 形 relative 相关的,有关的;相对的,比较的;亲属
all human values are relative,so beauty is relative to the beholder's eyes.
relatively 相关地,有关地;相对地,比较地
relation 亲属
搭 配 relate to/with 有关联
relative to 有关,涉及
in/with relation to 有关,涉及
close/near relation 近亲
distant relation 远亲
真 题 It is difficult to______cause and effect in this case. 答案
A)unite B)think C)relate D)describe C


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