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六级阅读选词填空攻略

2014-10-13 13:57   类别:语法   来源:   责编:Dong


一、核心要求:识辨词性。

选词填空要求在7分钟左右时间内将题目给出的15个词汇填入10个空格中。考核的主要目的是检查考生的单词词性识别能力。

二、四词:名词;动词;形容词;副词。

纵观真题,我们知道15个词汇都属于最重要的四类实词。平时如果熟知每种词汇的基本搭配和基本用法,答题会轻松许多。

难关突破:

词性要分类,有同学感觉分类很难。不知从何下手?

1. 从副词下手!考试题目中副词选项最少,特征也最为明显。

2.而且,一词只能用一次,一旦用过就可以叉掉。选择范围越变越小。

解题步骤:

一、标注词性,预先分组:把题目中给出的15个备选答案词汇进行词性分组。

二、浏览全文,预测答案:快速扫描文章,预测缺省信息的词性,对个别题目作出预测。

三、同性比较,选择唯一:对相同词性词汇与原文意思进行比照,选择唯一的答案。利用上下文线索,词的褒贬色彩,平行结构,单复数,时态等解题。

四、带入选项,通读检查:带入已选答案,重新通读文章以核对其是否逻辑语意正确。

下面针对词性分类和预测真题进行了示例!

Years ago, doctors often said that pain was a normal part of life. In particular, when older patients (前面是名词,从句缺谓语)47动词 of pain, they were told it was a natural part of aging and they would have to learn to live with it.

Times have changed. Today, we take pain (句子结构完整,所以缺副词修饰动词)  48副词. Indeed, pain is now considered the fifth vital sign, as important as blood pressure, temperature, breathing rate and pulsein(介词后跟名词或动名词) 49动名词(后面还有名词短语,可预测填动名词)a person’s well-being. We know that chronic (慢性的) pain can disrupt (扰乱) a person’s life, causing problems that 50动词(从句缺谓语)from missed work to depression.

That’s why a growing number of hospitals now depend upon physicians who51动词(从句缺谓语) in pain medicine. Not only do we evaluate the cause of the pain, which can help us treat the pain better, but we also help provide comprehensive therapy for depression and other psychological and social(形容词后)52名词elated to chronic pain. Such comprehensive therapy often 53动词 (从句缺谓语)the work of social workers, psychiatrists (心理医生) and psychologists, as well as specialists in pain medicine.

This modern 54名词(空前有形容词,且空后需与for能搭配)forpain management has led to a wealth of innovative treatments which are more effective and with fewer side effects than ever before. Decades ago, there were only a 55形容词(空后为名词,缺修饰语) number of drugs available, and many of them caused 56形容词 (空后为名词电压表同样,缺修饰语)side effects in older people, including dizziness and fatigue. This created a double-edged sword: the medications helped relieve the pain but caused other problems that could be worse than the pain itself.

选项词性分类:

名词:A. result(结果)   D. range(范围)   F. issues   M. respect

动词:A. result(导致)   B. involves   D. range(涉及)   E. relieved(使轻松)   F. issues(发行)   I. determining   J. limited (限制)   L. complained   M. respect   N. prompting   O. specialize

形容词:C. significant   E. relieved(放心的)   H. magnificent   J. limited(有限的)

副词:G. seriously   k. gravely

注:一词多词性时,对中文意思进行标注,做起题来选择更快。

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