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有关trouble的用法与搭配

2015-01-09 15:51   类别:词汇   来源:   责编:Dong

本期美联英语给大家带来有关trouble的用法与搭配,欢迎阅读!

用作名词

表示“烦恼”、“苦恼”、“困难”、“困境”、“辛劳”、“辛苦”等,通常是不可数名词,使用时注意以下句型或结构:

(1) have trouble (in) doing sth 表示“做某事有困难”,其中的介词 in 在口语中通常可省略,但通常不能改用不定式。如:【美联英语网】

我们没花吹灰之力就找到了他的办公室。

正:We had no trouble (in) finding his office.

误:We had no trouble to find his office.

(2) take (the) trouble to do sth 在这一结构中,其中的冠词用不用均可,但含义稍有不同:用冠词,表示不怕费事或不怕麻烦而去做某事;不用冠词,表示尽心尽力或费尽心血而去做某事。如:

He took the trouble to show me the way to the station. 他不嫌麻烦为我去邮局指路。

You might have taken the trouble to tell me the meetingwas put off. 你本来可以费心告诉我一声会议推迟了的。

They took a lot of trouble to find the right person forthe job. 他们费尽心血找适合做这项工作的人。

注:take trouble to do sth 有时也可说成take trouble oversth。如:

He took a lot of trouble over the design. 他花了许多工夫 设计这份图样。

根据以上区别,比较并体会以下正误句型:

他不愿麻烦去开门。

正:He refused to take the trouble to open the door.

误:He refused to take trouble to open the door. from www.yywords.com)

(3) go to (the) trouble to do [of doing] sth 意为“不辞辛劳做某事”、“费心做某事”。如:

He went to the trouble of finding out when our train wasleaving. 他费心给我们打听到了我们火车开车的时间。

Thank you for going to so much trouble to find what Iwas looking for. 多谢你这么费心找到了我要找的东西。

(4) give sb trouble / put sb to trouble 表示“麻烦某人”、“打扰某人”。如:

I’m sorry to give you so much trouble. /I’m sorry to putyou to so much trouble. 对不起,给你添了这么多麻烦。

I don’t like giving trouble to people I don’t know. 我不愿意给我不认识的人添麻烦。

(5) have trouble with 表示“有……毛病”、“同……闹纠纷”。如:

He is having trouble with teeth. 他正牙痛。

The man often has trouble with his wife. 这个人经常同他的妻子闹矛盾。

(6) get into trouble 意为“陷入困境”、“引起指责”。如:

He’s always getting into trouble (with the teacher). 他老闯祸(挨老师的骂)。

(7) be in trouble 意为“处于不幸(苦恼,困境)之中”。如:【Meten英语网】

Please telephone us when you are in trouble. 有困难给我们来电话。

He was said to be in trouble with his boss. 据说他受到老板的训斥。

(8) The trouble is (that)……意为“麻烦是……”、“困难在于……”。如:

The trouble is (that) we don’t know where he is. 问题是我们不知道他在哪里。

The trouble is that he doesn’t have enough money. 困难在于他没有足够的钱。

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